Reid B. Grigg
New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center
New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology/ New MexicoTech
801 Leroy Place
Socorro, New Mexico 87801
(575) 835-6031 (Fax)
Post-Doctorate, 1980 Department of Chemistry University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
Ph.D., 1979 Physical Chemistry Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
BS, 1975 Chemistry Brigham Young University, Provo, UT
Numerous Short Courses; (each ranging from three to ten days in length): Focus on Data, Strategy of Experimentation, Team Concepts, Technical Writing, Dynamic Speaking, Management Grid, Personal Management, Supervisory Management, Basic Reservoir Engineering, Reservoir Engineering, Basic Drilling, Water Flooding, Improved Oil Recovery, Production Operations - Well Stimulation, and Basic Well Logging.
Professional Experience1992-Present Senior Engineer/Section Head, Gas Flooding Processes and Flow Heterogeneities, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (PRRC), a division of New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM.
General Interest: Research related to phase behavior of pressurized geological formation fluids, of fluid properties and flow behavior of high-pressure liquids and gases, and of high-pressure gas flooding processes in porous media. Gas injection for improved oil recovery and greenhouse gas sequestration, reservoir fluid phase behavior, and flow behavior of multi phase systems such as gas condensate and enhanced oil production mechanisms; their effects on flow in porous media; and improving and understanding mechanisms for improved mobility control.
General Duties: Direct improved oil recovery research. To maintain project momentum requires the writing of proposals and promoting ideas sufficient to secure about $500,000+ funding each year. These funds come from federal, state, and private sources. Transfer of information through reports, papers, and presentations. Managing the section also requires hiring, evaluating, promoting, etc section members.
Carbon Sequestration/Storage: Due to similarities of CO2 injection into geological formations for improving oil and coal methane recoveries to using formations to sequester carbon, sequestration of green house gases has gained interest in my research. Other interests such as gas hydrates provide background that might be of interest in ocean sequestration and in cold climates into cold aquifers.
Liquid-Gas Flow Conditions: To improve fluid production from hydrocarbon reservoirs, an understanding of mobility, relative permeability, and flow patterns is necessary. Much of the work has centered on systems related to effects of injection gas such as CO2, but a project has been done to examine high gas flow rates at near wellbore conditions. This was done to increase our understanding of the effects that liquid drop out, liquid saturation, and mobile liquid may have on the near wellbore flow of gas at high velocity.
Reservoir Simulation: Develop models for simulating improved oil recovery miscible gas injection processes. Principal interests have been in incorporating and testing fluid phase behavior, foam mobility modification mechanisms, and horizontal wells.
Laboratory Determination and Simulation of Reservoir Fluid - Injection Gas Phase Behavior: Principal interests have been the phase behavior of injected pure and impure carbon dioxide into reservoir fluids to improve oil recovery and sequester greenhouse gases. Other work interests include hydrocarbon and nitrogen injection gases and gas condensate production. This work includes high-temperature, high-pressure experimental work and the development of improved equation-of-state models.
Supercritical Fluid Extraction: The use of supercritical fluid to extract organic components from inorganic components. Principal use is the removal of hydrocarbon contamination in soil and rock samples.
Selective Mobility Reduction: The principal project is related to improving CO2-foam efficiency by identifying and defining foam systems that not only reduce the mobility, but selectively reduces mobility in higher permeability to a greater extend than in the lower permeability regions of a hydrogenous reservoir. This work includes the determinations of physical properties of surfactant that are useful in this phenomena, synergistic effects of mixed surfactant systems, and the determination of sacrificial agents to reduce the absorption of more expensive surfactants.
Laboratory Tests of CO2-Foam in Porous Media: Mechanistic studies, both in reservoir rock and two-dimensional visual micromodel, of CO2-foam under reservoir temperature and pressure. These have been used to determine optimum surfactant concentration for CO2-foam systems, foam quality, and effects of flow rates.
Technology Transfer: A major objective of the PRRC is technology transfer. Much of this is done through various publications, presentations, and forums.
Field Verification of CO2-Foam: This was a joint PRRC/U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/Industry project set up to field test concepts developed in the laboratories to improve oil recovery by modification of the mobility of injected dense CO2 with a surfactant brine solution to form a foam system. Laboratory tests were used to select surfactants, test flow properties of the foam, absorption properties of the surfactant on reservoir rock, and design the field slug size and surfactant concentration.
1992-present Adjunct Professor at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology. Research tenure was granted May 1997. During my tenure I have been research advisor to six students that have received advanced degrees (one PhD and five M.S.). In addition I have been on the committee of a number of other graduate students. My primary function is directing a research group, though I do occasionally teach a graduate class (Phase Behavior and Properties of Petroleum Fluids) and I coordinate directed studies on continuing bases with individual students.
1991-1992, Director of Reservoir Fluid Technology, Core Laboratories, Dallas, TX.
Instructional: Instructed courses in Reservoir Fluid Phase Behavior inside and outside Core Laboratories.
PVT and Improved Oil Recovery Projects: Supervised and designed special projects, and proposed new or improved services. Projects included identifying causes of asphaltene deposition due to pressure change or solvent injections and developing new procedures for quantitative determination of asphaltene precipitation at reservoir conditions. Supervised phase behavior and PVT tests on gas injection, gas cycling, gas condensate, and conventional black oil tests for reservoir projects in North America, South America, and the Middle East.
Intercompany Liaison: Company liaison with petroleum company research and engineers centers on matters regarding reservoir fluids and to exchange ideas with research personnel for developing new services. Company visits included: Shell (Houston), Exxon (Houston), Texaco (Houston), British Petroleum (Houston), Arco (Dallas), Mobil (Dallas), Oryx (Dallas), Chevron (La Habra), Unocal (Brea), Conoco (Ponca City), Phillips (Bartlesville), Amoco (Tulsa), Kerr-McGee (Oklahoma City), Enron (Dallas), and Hunt (Dallas).
1980-1991, Senior Research Scientist (1989-91), Senior Research Chemist (1983-89), and Research Chemist (1980-83), Conoco Inc., Production Research, Ponca City, OK.
Instruction: Taught reservoir fluid phase behavior to personnel at various technical levels, and trained staff in instrumentation and interpretation of high-temperature and high-pressure experimental work.
Phase Behavior Expert: Acted as the principal company consultant on reservoir fluid sampling and pressure-volume-temperature tests for conventional oil, volatile oil, and gas condensate reservoirs. Directed research and technical services, both experimental and simulated, on the phase behavior of reservoir fluids with emphasis on mixtures of dense gas with reservoir fluids for improved oil recovery. Also, determined the phase behavior of water and gas in the formation of hydrates in drilling mud and other aqueous mixtures such as water and CO2.
Hydrocarbon Fluid Physical Properties: Analyzed and determined the factors resulting in 3% to 5% (~$1200/day) oil loss at a specific production facility during the summer months and recommended several solutions. Supervised design, construction, and utilization of facilities to measure physical properties and composition of petroleum fluids at reservoir conditions for primary, secondary, and tertiary reservoir development. This included fluid tests for conventional black oil, volatile oil, and gas condensate reservoirs.
Improved Oil Recovery Tests: Researched the technical feasibility of injecting high-pressure gas into several specific oil reservoirs. These included improved oil recovery projects, two using enriched hydrocarbon injection gas and numerous CO2 projects, in North America, Northern Europe, Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia. Methods were investigated and developed to add hydrocarbon impurities to CO2 that would aid in developing miscibility fluids. These tests resulted in a method for testing samples that saved 60% on materials and 75% on time and labor. Another project investigated nitrogen as a miscible injection gas for high pressure-high temperature reservoirs.
Direct Thickeners for Improved Oil Recovery: Organized project and advised personnel from several research locations (Marshall Labs in Philadelphia, University of Delaware, Dupont Experimental Station in Wilmington, Conoco Research in Ponca City, and Conoco Engineering in Houston) that establishing the feasibility of formulating dense gas viscosifiers. Analyzed the economic viability for these products and advised Conoco on the direction to proceed.
Reservoir Modeling: Interpreted results from reservoir fluid experimental work for computer simulations for specific reservoir models.
Gas Hydrates Research: Conceived, designed, and supervised utilization of apparatus to monitor and control temperature < 0.01 degree C and pressure < 0.1 psi, and observe phase changes of fluid. Primary use was for determining effects of temperature, pressure, and system compositions on gas hydrates formation and dissociation conditions. Recommended guidelines to avoid multi-million-dollar hazardous plugging for deep water and arctic drilling.
Industrial Consortiums and DOE Review Committee: During my industrial experience I worked with a number of Industrial Consortium Projects, which in most cases included government participation and a DOE appointed project review committee. Committees included:
$CO2 Project (1982-1986), The New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (Socorro, NM), Industry Representative.
$Heavy Oil - CO2 Project (1983-1985), HyCal (Calgary, Alberta, Canada), Industry Representative.
$Hydrates Inhibition in Drilling Mud Project (1985-1989), Colorado School of Mines (Golden, CO), Industry Representative.
$IOR Project (1987-1989). Heriot-Watt University (Edinburgh, Scotland), Industry Representative: During these visits and interaction I assessed their gas condensate project which included both phase behavior and flow behavior in reservoir cores.
$Gas Hydrates Review Committee (1988) - A panel set up to review, critique, and make recommendations for all DOE-sponsored Gas Hydrates projects.
1979-1980, Research Associate, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
Determined and analyzed thermodynamic properties of mixtures of water, clay, hydrocarbons, and surfactant. The work was related to the extraction of heavy oil from the extensive oil sands deposits in Alberta Canada and was supported by AOSTRA.
1975-1979, Research Assistant, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.
Taught under graduate labs in physical, analytical, and organic chemistry and assisted in a graduate Quantum Chemistry course. Research interest included the determination of thermodynamic properties (excess volume, heat and Gibbs free energy of mixing) required to develop solution theories on binary hydrocarbon solutions.
Major Funding: New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (1992-present)
"Sequestration of CO2 in a Depleted Oil Reservoir: A Comprehensive Modeling and Site Monitoring Project." Three-year project: July 2000 – June 2003. Project Managed by Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories. Total Expenditures $2,295,000 (DOE), my subcontract over three years values at $90,493.
"Improved Efficiency of Miscible CO2 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for CO2 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs." Three-year project continuation: June 1997-September 2000. Project Manager and Co-Principal Investigator. Total Estimated Budget: $2,300,000 (DOE-State of New Mexico-New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center-Industrial Consortium).
"Improved Efficiency of Miscible CO2 Floods and Enhanced Prospects for CO2 Flooding Heterogeneous Reservoirs." Three-year project: April 1994-April 1997. Project Manager and Co-Principal Investigator. Total Expenditures: $2,245,000 (DOE-State of New Mexico-New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center-Industrial Consortium).
"Near Wellbore Non-Darcy Wet Gas Flow experiments," Budget: $67,000 (Mobil)
"Reservoir Pressure Reduction and Miscibility Determination for the Wellman Field," Budget: $50,000 (The Wiser Oil Company)
"CO2 Injection in a Tight Blinebry Reservoir," $40,000 (Arch Petroleum)
Other projects in which I have been a collaborator:
A. Spraberry CO2-Fractured Reservoir DOE Class III Project
B. East Vacuum Grayburg San Andres CO2-Foam Field Verification
C. Texaco CO2 Huff-n-Puff Class II Field Project
Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition: 1982, 1983, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001.
DOE/SPE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery: 1981, 1984, 1987, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000.
SPE Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference: 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2001.
Midland CO2 Conference: 1996, 1998, 1999, 2000.
SPE Gas Technology Symposium: 1998.
CO2 Oil Recovery Forum (Socorro, NM): 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999.
SPE 1998 European Forum Series: Oil Recovery by Gas Injection - From Design to Operation.
SPE 1993 Forum Series: Reservoir Fluids: Phase Behavior and Physical Properties.
American Chemical Society National meeting: 1985, 1988.
Gordon Conference on Fluid Flow in Porous Media: 1983.
Calorimetry Conference: 1978.
Innovations in CO2 Management & Sequestration (Santa Fe 1998).
Geological Storage of CO2, Monitoring & Verification (SMV) Technology (Washington D.C. 2001)
DOE Workshop on R&D Priorities for Carbon Sequestration (Washington D.C. 1999)
Society of Petroleum Engineers Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition: San Francisco, CA 1983, New Orleans, LA 1986, San Antonio, TX 1989, San Antonio, TX 1997.
SPE/DOE Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery (Tulsa, OK): 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000.
Gas Technology Symposium (Calgary, Canada): 1998.
Permian Basin Oil and Gas Recovery Conference (Midland, TX): 1994, 1998, 2000.
Innovations in CO2 Management & Sequestration (Santa Fe 1998)
SPE 1998 European Forum Series: Oil Recovery by Gas Injection - From Design to Operation.
CO2 Conference (Midland, TX): 1996.
CO2 Oil Recovery Forum (Socorro, NM): 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999.
Gordon Conference on Fluid Flow in Porous Media (New Hampshire): 1983.
Calorimetry Conference (Logan, UT): 1978.
Others: Reservoir Characterization Workshop (Midland 2001), Maximizing Recovery 2001 (Houston 2001), SPE Roswell Section Meeting, SPE Gulf Coast Section CO2 Symposium, University of Oklahoma, Brigham Young University, Oklahoma State University, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology.
Other Relevant Activities
Society of Petroleum Engineer (SPE) TIC Section Director: North Central Oklahoma Section (1982-1985)
SPE Section Program Chairman: Roswell Section (1993-1994)
SPE Section Chairman: Roswell Section (1994-1995)
SPE Director Roswell Section (1995-1998)
SPE Section Membership Chairman: Roswell Section (1999-2000)
SPE/DOE Thirteenth Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, Technical Program Chairman, 2002.
New Mexico Tech Institute Senate Nominating Committee (1994-1996)
New Mexico Tech Institute Senate Budget, Funding and Support Functions Committee (1994-1997) Chair (1995-1997)
New Mexico Tech Institute Senate Research and Development Committee (1999-2002)
Adjunct Professor of Petroleum Engineering at New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology (1992-present)
American Chemical Society, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Sigma Xi.